ABULAFIA, ḤAYYIM BEN JACOB (II) (c. 1660–1744), rabbi, known as the Second. He is grandson of hayyim ben jacob abulafia the First. About 1666 the Abulafia family moved from Hebron to Jerusalem, where Hayyim studied with Moses Galante and others. In 1699 he went on a mission to Salonika, and in 1712 he served as rabbi in Smyrna and in 1718 in Safed where he remained until 1721, when he was reappointed rabbi of Smyrna, living there for almost 20 years. Abulafia believed in the imminence of the messianic era and considered the restoration of tiberias , which had been in ruins for almost 70 years, a necessary prerequisite to it. Sheikh Dahir al-ʿAmr, the ruler of Galilee, invited him to "come up and take possession of the land." In 1740 he moved from Smyrna to Tiberias. Despite his advanced age, Abulafia began rebuilding   the city, and he sent his sons and sons-in-law abroad to enlist aid for the restoration. According to diverse legends, he planted gardens, vineyards, and fields, and built a glorious synagogue and bet midrash, a bathhouse, a press for sesame oil, stores for market day, established the Rabbi Meir Baal Haness Fund, and sent his two sons on missions abroad to collect money; he also built houses and courtyards for his fellow Jews. In 1742–43 war broke out between Suleiman, pasha of Damascus, and Dahir. Abulafia encouraged the Jews to remain in Tiberias and gave full support to the sheikh. In the two campaigns, which ensued – the first of which ended on the 4th of Kislev 1743 and the second ending with the death of Suleiman on the 5th of Elul – the sheikh was victorious. Abulafia declared these two dates as holidays, which the Jews of Tiberias continued to observe annually. He died in Tiberias on the 16th of Nisan 5504. Abulafia was a prolific author, but only those of his works which he published while in Smyrna have appeared in print: (1) Yashresh Ya'akov (1729), on the Ein Ya'akov; (2) Mikra'ei Kodesh (1729), on the laws of Passover, on Esther, homilies, and novellae on the Talmud and Maimonides; (3) Eẓ ha-Hayyim (1729), on the weekly portions; (4) Yosef Lekaḥ, pt. one on Genesis and Exodus; pt. two on Leviticus (1730); pt. three on Numbers and Deuteronomy (1732); (5) Shevut Ya'akov (1734), on the Ein Ya'akov; (6) Ḥanan Elohim (1737), on the Pentateuch, appended to Hayyim va-Ḥesed, by his grandfather, Isaac Nissim b. Gamil. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Kopf, in: KS, 39 (1964), 273–9; Ben Zvi, Eretz Israel, index; M. Benayahu, ed. Zimrat ha-Areẓ (1946), intro. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha-Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ Yisrael, 2 (1938), 7.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ABULAFIA, ḤAYYIM BEN JACOB — (1580–1668), Palestinian talmudist, known as the First. After studying in Safed, Abulafia was ordained by his father in about 1618. In 1628 Abulafia settled in Jerusalem and later moved to Hebron, where despite his advanced age he directed the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abulafia, Hayyim ben Jacob — (1580 1668)    Palestinian talmudist. In 1666 he was one of the delegation who went to Gaza to investigate the authenticity of Nathan of Gaza s prophecies about Shabbetai Tzevi …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Hayyim ben Jacob Abulafia — Abulafia Synagogue, Tiberias …   Wikipedia

  • ABULAFIA, ḤAYYIM BEN DAVID — (c. 1700–1775), rabbi and codifier. Abulafia, a grandson of Ḥayyim ben Jacob Abulafia, was born either in Jerusalem or in Smyrna. He studied under isaac rappaport , author of Battei Kehunnah. About 1740 he was appointed rabbi of Larissa (Greece) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JACOB BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN — (mid 13th century), Spanish kabbalist. Jacob was born in Soria and lived for some time in Segovia. He wandered among the Jewish communities in Spain and Provence, looking for remnants of earlier kabbalistic writings and traditions preserved by… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • VITAL, ḤAYYIM BEN JOSEPH — (1542–1620), one of the greatest kabbalists. Vital was born in Ereẓ Israel, apparently in Safed. His father, Joseph Vital Calabrese, whose name indicates his origin from Calabria, South Italy, was a well known scribe in Safed (see responsa of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABULAFIA — (Heb. אַבּוּלְעֲפְיָה; Arabic for father of health ; also Abulaffia, Abulefia, Abualefia, Abu Alafia, etc.), widespread and influential family, members of which were rabbis, poets, statesmen, and communal leaders in Spain. After the expulsion of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABULAFIA, ISAAC — (d. 1764), talmudist and emissary for Ereẓ Israel. Abulafia was the son of Ḥayyim ben Moses (?) Abulafia. He immigrated with his father to Tiberias in 1740. Active in the rebuilding of Tiberias, he went in 1743 as an emissary for this purpose to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABULAFIA, JACOB BEN SOLOMON — (1550?–1622?), Damascus rabbi. Abulafia, the grandson of jacob b. moses berab , studied under solomon absaban and under Moses Besodo – apparently in Damascus – together with Yom Tov Ẓahalon . There is evidence that he may have been friendly with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Joseph ben Ephraim Karo — Joseph Karo Artistic conception of Karo s appearance Born 1488 Toledo, Spain Died 24 March 1575 Safed Joseph ben Ephraim Karo, also …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.